If there is an architectural style that represents the Bureba, that's the Romanesque art in this region that reached heights of perfection difficult to overcome. In every corner there is a small church, a hermitage almost forgotten, humble but harmonious memories of the splendor that once knew the land.
Monasterio de Rodilla houses one of the jewels of Romanesque Burgos, the shrine of Our Lady of the Valley. In a privileged environment, which is accessed by road to the Valle de las Navas, the temple displays all the grandeur and yet simplicity of an architectural style that is expressed here to perfection.
Briviesca path along the road to Santa Olalla de Bureba you reach Valdazo, where the Church of San Pelayo, with its tower located in the center of the building and a magnificent apse reinforced by two bundles of three columns.
Further north, after passing Bureba Bust Quintanaélez reached where the crossing is taken to Soto de Bureba.The church of San Andrés, from the late twelfth century, is a beautiful and original example of the style in which stands out for its interest in the iconography of the frame. Nearby, in the direction of Ona, Navas de Bureba is, with its church of the Assumption, also the end of XII-full of Arab influences, especially in the double poly-lobed arch of the apse.
Another good example of the art in elpaisaje inegración is the hermitage of San Fagún, a suburb of Los Barrios de Bureba. In the original construction of this national monument are preserved only the apse and the belfry.
Back towards Briviesca, Aguilar de Bureba houses the imposing church of Santa Maria Mayor, which excel on scallops irregular dome, the apse and the beautiful capitals.
Nearby, Rublacedo way, is the hermitage of San Baudelio in Quintanabureba and especially that of St. Martin in Piernigas, with its beautiful bell tower. The same road leads to Rojas, where an ancient Romanesque doorway is hidden in a chapel of the church of San Andrés.
The churches of Quintanarruz, Carcedo of Bureba and below are other significant examples of Romanesque grandeur of the area.
Numerous samples The entire region is dotted with interesting expressions of this art. The churches of Revillalcón, Salinillas Bureba, Galbarros, Lenca Lenca Castil, Rio Quintanilla and others who have fallen into a lamentable oblivion as those of Bureba Ahedo, Valdearnedo or Bureba Bárcena-give good examples of this. But Roman also left its mark on the area through many shrines, such as Carrie-Santa Maria del Campo, Pancorbo-La Virgen del Camino, "Poza de la Sal-Santa Maria of Peter, and, further east , Ameyugo, gums or Santa Gadea del Cid.
Far from the Bureba, in the heart of Condado de Treviño, is the hermitage magnófica-San Vicentejo conception, "an extraordinary example of Romanesque elegance and at the same time one of the leading exponents of the art Trevino.
Abound in this land of monasteries and convents, as Briviesca dedicated to Santa Clara or Belorado to Our Lady of Our Bretonera or Nuestra Señora del Espino, Santa Gadea del Cid Vivar del Cid. Interesting the Monastery of the Asunción, in Castil Lences, San Vitores in Fresno del Río Tirón, and Santa Maria in Obarenes and Bugido Premonstratensian-an ancient monastery founded in 1168 -. El Santuario de Santa Casilda, while located in Salinillas Bureba is closely linked to religious tradition, cultural and festive Briviesca.
Recommended There are many important sculptures that can be found in this area. Size as Our Lady of the Valley, in the parish church of Monasterio de Rodilla, the Virgen de la Peña, in Tosantos, or the crucified Christ of the Church of Navas de Bureba are good examples.
The same applies to the baptismal fonts Redecilla Road, Cave Viloria de Rioja and Cardiel, or the Romanesque Calvary Villanasur-Rio de Oca. Finally, we must stress the interest of Mr. Graves as Ortega Díez-in the church of San Martín de Sotopalacios-and above all, the Counts of Revilla in Barrio Ruiz Diaz.
Castles, forts, towers and walled enclosures are an important legacy of history in these lands. Almost always dominate the landscape, remain silent witnesses over time.
Probably among all the buildings of this type stands out for its condition and its size, the Palace of El Cid, in Sotopalacios. Located in front of a plot that belonged to the family of Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar, this is a large-scale castle, built between the XIV and XV. A more palatial than defensive, has a square and three towers at the corners.
Without abandoning the Rio Merindad Ubierna can be seen another of the castles of the area, that of Ubierna. In this case the preservation is much poorer, because today only some remains of the original building. Its origin is in the Reforestation conducted by Diego Porcelos late ninth century, which turned into a core Ubierna for defense against the Muslims. Later the castle was an important landmark in the struggle between Navarre and Castile. In many cases the beauty of these constructions competed with the environment in which they settle.This is what happens with the strength of Monasterio de Rodilla, XII century, which stands on Mount Peña Castillo, and that only some vestiges. In a similar state is the Castillo de Rojas, who since the fourteenth century the people watching from the top of a hill near the river Zorita.The same fate has run Belorado Castle, which dates back to the tenth century, or Santa Marta in Pancorbo, located on a ridge above the village. There's also a much more modern second fortification, Santa Engracia, whose construction was linked to the Revolutionary War. Crossing the gorge of Pancorbo, then you get to Santa Gadea del Cid, where you can visit another interesting example of fortification in the area, in this case built between the eleventh to fifteenth centuries.
The Bureba has a large number of castles.Without doubt one of the best known is the Red, in Poza de la Sal, which overlooks the town from a rocky hill, and in the sixteenth century, was built on a previous building, the eleventh century, with the aim to defend to defend the economic prosperity of Poza. But the town salt, also has the Palace of the Marquis of Poza de la Sal, which occupies a hillside near the village, and now scarcely any remains of the walls and tower.
About this, in Rio Quintanilla, may be just a few vestiges Castilviejo Castle Rock, into the gorge of Las Caderechas. Besides all those, there are many other examples in the area of strengths, walls and towers. The latter include those of Guevara in Ameyugo the Rio Quintanilla (XV century) or the Arganzón shells, also called Moorish Castle or Tower of Maria Peña in Puebla de Arganzón (XII century )
The Wall and the fortified church of San Pedro, Santa Gadea del Cid, the fortified convent of Santa Clara in Briviesca, and the walls of Poza de la Sal, Pancorbo and Belorado are better or worse condition, other significant signs of the deep impression that the passage of history has left in these lands.
RecommendedThe rock art is surely one of the least known of this area, although this lack of recognition does not reflect its importance.
The set consists Visigothic roots hermit near Laño and Albaina by Gobas, Motic of Charratu Santorcaria and is the best exponent of this art in the County of Treviño. Further west, in Villanueva Soportillo, there is an interesting early medieval necropolis. Finally, the hermitage of the Virgen de la Peña in Tosantos, spectacular rise in the environment in which it is situated.
C/ Santa Inés, 9 - Bajo. 09240 Briviesca (Burgos)
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The territory covered ADECO BUREBA Burgos includes 79 municipalities and 216 villages with a total area of 2,316 km2 and approximately 21,000 inhabitants.